UNC School of Law The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

In medieval England, the Norman conquest the law varied shire-to-shire, based on disparate tribal customs. The concept of a “common law” developed during the reign of Henry II during the late 12th century, when Henry appointed judges that had authority to create an institutionalised and unified system of law “common” to the country. The next major step in the evolution of the common law came when King John was forced by his barons to sign a document limiting his authority to pass laws.

  • Ministers or other officials head a country’s public offices, such as a foreign ministry or defence ministry.
  • The ‘upper house’ is usually elected to represent states in a federal system or different voting configuration in a unitary system .
  • The idea is that law and regulation are not as important or effective at helping people
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